Why do we need time zones?

time zones

Imagine you are living in Hawaii. You follow solar time to reach the office and perform different tasks. Life is going well but one fine day you receive fax narrating about your visit to different cities of the United States for some official work.

The next day you move from Honolulu to Adak. You are excited to meet your new team.

You get up early and try to reach the new office 10 minutes earlier than the actual reporting time. But as soon as you reach the office, you got to know that you are around 50 minutes Late.

Because the people of Adak witness sunrise 1 hour earlier than those in Honolulu. After Adak, your next stops are Anchorage, Los Angeles, Salt Lake, Chicago, and New York. Having a time difference of 2,3,4,5 and 6 hours with Honolulu. Misery must be a shorter word to define your situation.

The Saviors

To save you and everyone from this kind of comic tragedy, railroad officials introduced five time zones in 1983. Later the number got increased and today six time zones are covering the whole United States.

Railroad officials took the initiative of setting standard time zones because they were the most affected by the confusion because of time.

New Beginning

After the introduction of time zones, confusion got sorted. Especially people who used to travel appreciated this initiative as they don’t need to rush because of time anymore.

Along with appreciation, there was some resistance too. Few states denied following standard time zones and set up their standard time as per their wishes. It took few months to adapt to the newly introduced time zones.

First standard time

Britain was the first one to set a standard time zone back in 1800. One thing that is mutual in time zones of many countries is that all time zones are devised by railway authorities.

The great western railway of Britain was the first one to adopt London time in November 1840. Because at that time railway was the major mean of transportation.

Therefore, to avoid confusion and ensure a smooth structural run of railways, time zones were introduced. Britain being a small country didn’t require many time zones but the United States spreading over a long territory was supposed to have many time zones.

time zones

Calder Act

The Calder Act or Standard Time Act of 1918 states the five time zones that will depict the standard time in the United States. Time Zones in the United States created by Railroad authorities were further enhanced by Interstate Commerce Commission.

Standard time Act of 1918 also defines the mechanism of advancing the clock by an hour on the last Sunday of March every year. Then Clocks were supposed to return an hour on the last Sunday of October. Later dates for this practice were changed to the second Sunday in March and the first Sunday in November.

Daylight Saving Time

The main purpose of Daylight-saving time is to utilize daylight more effectively. Almost 70 countries from all around the globe follow this practice.

Major industrialized countries which do not follow daylight saving time are China, Japan, and India.  All countries of the EU, United Kingdom, United States, Canada, and many other Countries save one hour a day in the summer season through this practice.

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